Ford Puma1997 - 2001
The Ford Puma was a small sports coupé produced by the Ford Motor Company from 1997 to 2001 (although some were first registered in the UK as late as 2002), for sale in Europe. The Puma was built exclusively at Ford's Niehl plant in Cologne, Germany.
The cost for a new Puma in the UK from a dealer was between £12,280 - £22,945 depending on the accessories, styling and model chosen.
All Pumas are front-engined, front-wheel-drive, 3-door coupés with 4 seats. They came with 15-inch (380 mm) alloy wheels as standard, (although the Ford Racing Puma was equipped with 17-inch (430 mm) alloy wheels), with front disc and rear drum brakes. The car was based on the Mark 4 Ford Fiesta, with new engines (codeveloped with Yamaha), a new body, stiffer suspension and close-ratio gearbox, among other changes.
The Puma was available with four engine options: 1.4-litre 90 bhp (67 kW; 91 PS) , 1.6-litre 103 bhp (77 kW; 104 PS) , 1.7-litre VCT125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp), or the tuned 1.7-litre VCT 155 PS (114 kW; 153 hp) (only used in the Ford Racing Puma), each of which usedFord's 16v Sigma engines branded as Zetec-S. The 1.7-litre engines used Nikasil cylinder plating, which required a specific grade of oil(5W30 semi-synthetic) to minimise mechanical wear.
All 1.7-litre-engined Pumas were equipped with low speed traction control and anti-lock brakes. The anti-lock braking system was optional in the 1.4 Puma.
Weighing approximately 1,100 kg (2,400 lb) without optional accessories, the 1.7 125 PS version accelerated from 0 to 62 mph (0 to 100 km/h) in 8.8 seconds, and could accelerate from 30 to 70 mph (48 to 112 km/h) in 8.8 seconds.
Quantity Produced: 1000
Quantity Remaining: 755 as of 2011
Years available: 1999(V) to 2000(X)
The Ford Millennium Edition cars were produced to commemorate the Millennium Products Award from the Design Council in 1999 for being 'The first Ford in Britain designed solely on computer and in record time.' The Millennium Edition Puma featured eye catching Zinc Yellow paintwork, and an 'Alchemy Blue' (dark/navy blue) leather interior with Recaro seats. A numbered badge and keyring were available upon purchase from Ford, but the cars were not automatically numbered.
The Ford Ka and Ford Focus also received the same award, and were also produced in the same quantity and paintwork, but with a black leather interior.
Quantity Produced: 1600
Quantity Remaining: 1,381 as of 2011
Years available: 2000(X) to 2001(51)
The Puma Black featured a 'Midnight Black' (dark grey) leather interior, Panther Black paintwork and Ford's 'F1' style alloys. The original quantity of the Puma Black was meant to be only 1000, but as the edition proved to be popular, an additional 600 were produced.
Quantity Produced: 1000 each in Moondust Silver and Magnum Grey
Quantity Remaining: 1,769 as of 2011
Years available: 2000(X) to 2002(52)
These were among the final 2000 pumas produced. Although Moondust Silver was available throughout the whole of the puma's production run, Magnum Grey was only available on the Thunder Edition. All of the Thunder editions featured a 'Midnight Black' (dark grey) leather interior, 6 disc CD changer and multispoke alloys similar to those featured on the Fiesta Zetec-S.
Quantity Produced: 500 (all numbered on inlet manifold) Years available: 1999(V) to 2001(51)
The Ford Racing Puma was the name eventually given to Ford's concept Puma, the ST160, which was first unveiled to the public at the 1999 Geneva Motorshow. At the time Ford were keen to stress that this was no mere styling job and the idea was to transfer the know-how and technology learned directly from Ford Puma race and rally programmes to a road car. It was created by the Ford Rally specialist team at Boreham. The strictly limited production run was initially pencilled to run for 1000 units, with 500 destined for the German market, and 500 for the UK. All conversions were carried out by Tickford, Daventry UK. In the end, only the 500 destined for the UK market were produced and, similarly to the Bugatti Veyron and BMW M3 CSL, every car sold lost the parent company money.
Less than half of the 500 cars were actually sold directly to customers, with the vehicle's high price (£23,000 when new) often cited as a reason, as rival performance cars such as the Subaru Impreza (with an additional 50+ BHP/Turbo, 4 Wheel Drive and rallying pedigree) were being offered for a maximum of £21,000 with the optional Pro Drive pack. The lower than anticipated demand saw Ford offering Racing Pumas to senior managers through their MRC scheme, which enabled cars to continue being registered and converted. The lack of demand when brand new has actually paid off in the longer-term, as the rarity of the Racing Puma has allowed it to maintain an increased value over the standard Puma.
Kit Car variant
Ford also produced a Ford Puma Kit Car which was designed to be competed in rallying. The Puma's technical details included a Zetec SE all alloy engine with 4 cylinders and 16 valves at 1596 cc, power over 200 bhp (150 kW) at 9000 rpm, front wheel drive via a Hewland 6-speed sequential gearbox, limited slip differential, dynamic front suspension using MacPherson struts with adjustable spring platforms, Ford Racing rear trailing arm beam with adjustable dynamic suspension, Alcon front brakes with 355 mm (14.0 in) diameter ventilated discs using four-piston calipers, Alcon 260 mm (10 in) diameter solid disc rear brakes with two piston calipers, a welded steel safety roll cage, and front and rear wheel arches and bumpers in composite. The fuel tank was a 55 litre capacity FIA ‘bag’ tank located beneath rear floor. Wheels were Tarmac 7” x 17” aluminium wheels or 6” x 15” aluminium wheels for gravel.
In 2008, Luke Pinder raced the R2 class of the British Rally Championship in a Super 1400 Ford Puma.
Stylistically, the Puma followed Ford's New Edge design strategy, as first seen in the 1996 Ford Ka. While not as controversial as the Ka when it first appeared, the Puma did achieve critical acclaim for its well-proportioned and cat-like design cues.
The Puma was memorable for its pan-European launch campaign that featured Steve McQueen. The original UK television advertisementused clips from the movie Bullitt and cut McQueen into the modern setting of a Puma in San Francisco. In late 2004, Ford once again used the McQueen footage for the first 2005 Ford Mustang commercial in the U.S. Both commercials were directed by UK Director Paul Street, and won many advertising industry awards, featuring in all time top 10 ad charts.
The Puma was only sold in Europe. Production ceased in 2001 although sale of stock vehicles continued into 2002. Ford did not replace it with another small coupé, and instead introduced the Ford StreetKa, a two-seater convertible based on the Fiesta just as the Puma was. The StreetKa also borrowed the Puma's transmission and suspension. There are still 42,748 road legal Pumas in the UK as of 2011.
A number of rumours have circulated about the launch of a new Puma; firstly after the Reflex concept car was shown in the Detroit Motor Show in 2006, and in 2010 but no specifics on the specifications or the estimated year have been quoted to date.
|Ford Puma Rally|
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|Year||Engine code||Fuel||[ccm]||Cylinders||[kW]||[Nm]||No. of
|1997||2000||1.4iZETEC||gasoline||1 388||4 / In-Line||55 kW||124 Nm||16|
|2000||2002||1.6S||gasoline||1 596||4 / In-Line||76 kW||145 Nm||16|
|1999||1999||1.7 ST160||gasoline||1 679||4 / In-Line||118 kW||162 Nm||16|
|1997||2002||1.7i VCT||gasoline||1 679||4 / In-Line||92 kW||157 Nm||16|
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