Ford Galaxy1995 - ...
The first Galaxy was designed as a joint venture product between Ford and the Volkswagen Group. Produced at the joint-ventureAutoEuropa plant in Palmela, Portugal, the vehicle was badge-engineered to create three vehicles: the Ford Galaxy; by Volkswagen Passenger Cars as the Volkswagen Sharan; and by SEAT as the Alhambra.
The Galaxy used predominantly Volkswagen Group mechanicals, most notably the 2.8 litre VR6 petrol engine from the top versions of the Volkswagen Golf, as well as Volkswagen Group's 1.9 litre Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel unit. Initially only the 2.0 litre inline-four petrol version used a Ford powerplant - this derived from the Ford I4 DOHC engine. In later years this unit was supplemented by a 2.3 litre 16-valve version first seen in the facelifted Ford Scorpio. This engine was transversially mounted (as with the MKV Escort RS2000) as opposed to longitudinal mounting like in the Ford Scorpio.
All of the VW Group-sourced engines were supplied with "Ford" badges on the rocker covers, despite being VW Group designs. Allautomatic transmissions were VW Group AG4 boxes, but manual gearboxes on all engines were VXT75 five-speed (modified versions of the trusted Ford MTX-75 five-speed set-up to suit the transverse engine layout).
The original interior used a mix of both Ford and VW Group components, using a Golf-derived instrument pack, and most of the switchgear, while the curved fascia moulding was of Ford design, heavily reminiscent of that used in the Ford Mondeo.
The Mk1 Ford Galaxy was rated in a 1999 Top Gear survey as the least satisfying car in UK.
A major redesign in 2000 saw the Galaxy distance itself from its Volkswagen Group platform-mates. The car adopted the Ford corporate front end, while the interior benefited from an all-new dash, utilising high-quality materials and a design akin to the third-generation Ford Mondeo, introduced at a similar time as the new Galaxy.
Also new engines were available across the range, the newer 24v VR6, along with VW Group's Pumpe-Düse (PD) TDI engines available in 90 bhp (67 kW; 91 PS) (only on LX models), 115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS), 130 bhp (97 kW; 132 PS) and 150 bhp (112 kW; 152 PS) forms, these were matched to a six-speed manual transmission, a four-speed automatic transmission with manual sequential shift operation, and a five-speed automatic transmission (auto boxes were only available on 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) variant).
The third generation Galaxy was introduced at the 2006 Geneva Motor Show, and went on sale alongside the shorter and lower Ford S-Max in June 2006.
The new Galaxy is larger than its predecessor and is a four pillar vehicle of only Ford's own design, with no Volkswagen Group content (Ford sold its stake in AutoEuropa back to the Volkswagen Group the year before). No longer produced at the AutoEuropa plant inPortugal, Europe's replacement Galaxy is assembled at a newly re-equipped plant alongside the Mondeo in Genk, Belgium. With the S-MAX catering to customers who require a sport-oriented multi-purpose vehicle (MPV), Ford were able to expand the Galaxy in every dimension without losing sales in size-conscious Europe.
Due to its size, Ford was unable to design the Galaxy using a full Kinetic Design format. However, Ford officially states that the car contains 'elements' of Kinetic Design, such as its trapezoidal grille, large wheelarches and angular headlights. No spare wheel is provided when buying this car; an aerosol sealant-foam is given to seal punctures until a new tyre can be purchased.
On the British television series Outnumbered, The Brockman family (main family) now own a Ford Galaxy in the 2011 series, replacing the Vauxhall Zafira they had in the older series.
Only Ford's own engines are used, all diesels being from the Duratorq family of engines in 100 PS (74 kW; 99 bhp) and 125 PS (92 kW; 123 bhp) 1.8 litre format, and also 130 PS (96 kW; 128 bhp) and 140 PS (103 kW; 138 bhp) 2.0 TDCi versions, with 2.2 TDCi for more power. Three petrol engines are offered - the Duratec 2.0 145 PS (107 kW; 143 bhp) variant and 2.3 litre petrol 161 bhp (120 kW; 163 PS) engine, and now a new 203 PS (149 kW; 200 bhp) 2.0 EcoBoost for better acceleration, and higher speed, reaching 135 mph (217 km/h) and accelerating from 0-60 mph in 8.5 seconds.
In the United Kingdom, the car was available in Edge, Zetec and Ghia trim levels. In February 2008, Ford announced that the Galaxy would be made available with the Titanium high series trim as seen on the Focus, C-MAX, Kuga, Mondeo and S-MAX ranges. The Titanium model is specified to the same level as the Ghia but adds a so-called 'techno' feel. At the same time the availability of a 175 PS (129 kW; 173 bhp) 2.2 TDCi engine option (joint design with PSA) was announced. The current trim levels available in the United Kingdom (November 2011) are Zetec, Titanium and Titanium X.
One major selling point of the Galaxy and S-MAX is the "FoldFlatSystem". This design allows the second- and third-row seats to fold flat into the floor, although this change in seating design reduces the load carrying capacity of the vehicle.
After its sibling, the Ford S-Max, was presented at the 2014 Paris Motor Show, the all-new Galaxy went on sale in mid-2015.
The Galaxy is available with the same range of engines as the S-Max, namely one diesel (in four states of tune) and two petrol variants. The petrol 1.5 SCTi Ecoboost has 160 hp, and the larger 2.0 SCTi has 240 hp, but can only be mated to Ford's Powershift automatic gearbox. At launch, Ford expected only 2% of United Kingdom sales to be petrol models.
All the diesels average over 50mpg – the most economical being the 2.0 TDCi Duratorq 120, which manages 57mpg. Both the 2.0 TDCi 150 and 180 versions come with either a six speed manual gearbox or the Powershift auto – the 180 hp version can also be specced with AWD. The range topping Bi-Turbo 2.0 TDCi 210 comes with the Powershift gearbox only, and can accelerate from 0 to 60 in under nine seconds.
The trim levels, mirroring those available in the S-Max, Mondeo and Edge, include Zetec, Titanium and Titanium X.
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|Year||Engine code||Fuel||[ccm]||Cylinders||[kW]||[Nm]||No. of
|2.0DOHC||gasoline||1 998||4 / In-Line||85 kW||167 Nm||8|
|2.3i||gasoline||2 295||4 / In-Line||108 kW||203 Nm||16|
|D1.9 TDI 1Z/AHU||diesel||1 896||4 / In-Line||66 kW||202 Nm||8|
|1997||2000||D1.9 TDI AFN||diesel||1 896||4 / In-Line||81 kW||235 Nm||8|