Ford Expedition1997 - ...
Category: Offroad cars / SUV
The Ford Expedition is a full-size SUV built by the Ford Motor Company. Introduced in 1997 as a replacement to the Ford Bronco, it was previously slotted between the smaller Ford Explorer and the larger Ford Excursion, but as of the 2005 model year, it is Ford's largest and last truck-based, off-road and tow capable SUV. Ford currently offers the standard regular-sized model and the larger EL/Max model, succeeding the Excursion which was discontinued in 2005. It is the second Ford vehicle to use the Expedition name, as it was part of the Explorer Sport's trim models during the 1995 model year. All Expeditions were originally built in Wayne, Michigan. In 2009, Ford shifted its current third generation (2007–present) model production to Louisville, Kentucky when Ford converted the Wayne assembly plant to begin further production of the Focus.
The Expedition offered up to nine passenger seating in model years before 2007 (with a front bench seat option); 2007–present offer 2 bucket seats in the first row. It is equipped with aV8 engine. It is similar to the Lincoln Navigator, especially for the 2007–present model in Limited or King Ranch high end trims; both of which were introduced for the 2005 model year. With the 2011 model year Ford made changes in the base level department, with the newly designated XL trim a standard and upgrading the XLT to second level and replacing the Eddie Bauer trim that was phased out from the entire Ford vehicle lineup. As of 2010, over 1,545,241 Expeditions (both standard and EL/Max) have been sold since its introduction. A specially modified Special Service Vehicle version is also available from Ford for law enforcement agencies, fire departments, and EMS agencies.
Known internally at Ford as the UN93, the first generation Ford Expedition was developed under the UN93 program. The all-new full-size SUV was introduced in late 1996 as a 1997 model, replacing the aging two-door Ford Bronco in Ford’s vehicle lineup. Expedition featured optional three row seating, first row captains chair luxury seating, available second row captains chair luxury seating, genuine premium leather seating surfaces (imitation leather was not available for Expeditions) illuminated running boards, heated side view mirrors, power moon roof, dual zone climate control and Ford’s premium Mach audio sound system with rear subwoofer. Many of these features were standard on the top-of-the-line Expedition Eddie Bauer. Expedition XLT served as the entry level model.
The Expedition’s mechanicals consisted of a short & long arm (SLA) independent front suspension, multi-link rear live axle and speed sensitive power assisted steering. Optional equipment included off road under body skid plate protection, heavy-duty rear limited-slip differential and a heavy-duty trailer tow package.
Expedition was also available with an adaptive electronically controlled pneumatic suspension system that would raise and lower the vehicle depending on road and load conditions. The system also included a kneel down mode which would lower the Expedition down to allow easier ingress and egress as well as loading cargo. Similar to how a camel kneels down to allow a rider to climb aboard.
Selectable part-time/full-time ControlTrac 4-wheel-drive which had been introduced on the 1995 Ford Explorer was introduced for the Expedition, albeit a much heavier-duty version with Expedition receiving its own heavy-duty transfer case unit (BorgWarner model: 4406) designed for high torque output. The system included four modes: 2 High, Auto, 4 High (lock) and 4 Low (lock). 2 High mode and Auto mode with auto-lock wasn’t available on the Explorer’s system.
Engine choices consisted of a standard 4.6 liter Triton V8 or an optional 5.4 liter Triton V8. The first generation Expedition was rated as a Low Emission Vehicle (LEV). The latter engine combined with the heavy-duty trailer tow package and appropriate axle ratio can achieve a towing capacity of 8,100 lbs (3,674 kg).
|MY1997–1998||4.6 Liter (281 cu in) SOHC 16-valve Triton V8 gasoline||215 hp (160 kW)||290 (lb-ft)|
|MY1997–1998||5.4 Liter (330 cu in) SOHC 16-valve Triton V8 gasoline||230 hp (172 kW)||325 (lb-ft)|
|MY1999–2002||4.6 Liter (281 cu in) SOHC 16-valve Triton V8 gasoline||232 hp (173 kW)||291 (lb-ft)|
|MY1999–2002||5.4 Liter (330 cu in) SOHC 16-valve Triton V8 gasoline||260 hp (194 kW)||345 (lb-ft)|
|MY1997||4-speed E4OD automatic|
|MY1998–2002||4-speed 4R100 automatic|
|MY1997–2002||4-speed 4R70W automatic|
Initially, a 2-air bag supplementary restraint system (SRS) with 2-way occupant protection was standard on Expedition. The system included adaptive dual front air bags for front seat occupants. The air bags would adjust deployment force depending on crash severity. Other features also included SecuriLock with smart key and engine immobilizer, security approach lamps, 4-wheel ABS brakes, side intrusion door beams, post crash fuel pump shut-off and three-point safety belts for all rows of seating with tension and locking retractors.
An optional 4-air bag supplementary restraint system (SRS) with 4-way occupant protection became available for the 2000–2002 model years. Dual front seat side impact air bags were added (bundled with the ultrasonic rear park assist) for upper torso protection. The side impact air bags can be identified by an oval badge reading "Air bag" attached to the outboard front seat bolsters.
2002 model Expeditions introduced the BeltMinder system which would detect when the driver didn’t have his/her safety belt secured. An audible alarm would sound, in the form of awarning chime, until the driver’s safety belt was fastened.
No major cosmetic or mechanical changes. A new exterior color was added, Wedgewood blue.
For the 1999 model year, the Expedition received a facelift very similar to that of the 1999 Ford F-150. Included in the update was a new front grille which now dropped lower in the center, grille work (that contained the Ford oval badge), as well as an all-new front bumper that now incorporated the fog lamps into the lower valance and larger center air intake. Both the 4.6 liter and 5.4 liter V8 engines received updates including more power and torque. The 2 High mode for ControlTrac 4-wheel-drive equipped Expeditions was dropped leaving only Auto, 4 High (lock) and 4 Low (lock) modes.
Available features on 2000 model Expeditions were expanded to include a hidden radio antenna (integrated into the rear quarter panel window glass) power adjustable accelerator and brake pedals, Gentex auto dimming electrochromatic rear view mirrors, rearward-facing lane departure/turning indicator lamps on side view mirrors and ultrasonic rear park assist /backup sensors. The lower front bumper valance and illuminated running boards were changed over to Arizona beige to complement the standard Arizona beige exterior body trim on Eddie Bauer models.The turn signal indicator was moved to the side of the mirror instead of before on the glass itself.
New trim packages became available for Expedition XLT and Expedition Eddie Bauer models. XLT versions could be optioned with the XLT No Boundaries package which included monochromatic Solid black paint work with chrome grille and special alloy wheels. Eddie Bauer versions could be optioned with the Eddie Bauer Premier package which included eithermonochromatic Arizona beige or Solid black paint work with painted alloy wheels and upgraded premium leather seating.
No major cosmetic or mechanical changes. Last year model for the UN93. This was also the last model year for XLT No Boundaries and Eddie Bauer Premier trims.
The redesigned second generation Ford Expedition was developed under the U222 program code name. The new Expedition was introduced in 2002 for the 2003 model year and featured an all-new 4-wheel independent suspension, becoming the first full-size body-on-frame sport utility vehicle to use a fully independent suspension system. The new multi-link independent rear suspension (IRS) reduced rear unsprung mass by 110 pounds, improving the suspension's wheel travel and ability to track uneven terrain and road surfaces for improved control and ride quality. The new IRS was perceived as being controversial by some at the time of its introduction. A misconception was that the Expedition’s towing and off road capabilities would be reduced, in comparison to the previous generation’s rear live axle. Nevertheless, the Expedition’s ground clearance improved by 1.4 inches for a total of 8.9 inches. Towing capacity increased by 800 lbs (363 kg) for a high towing capacity of 8,900 lbs (4,037 kg) when properly equipped with the appropriate axle ratio and heavy-duty trailer tow package. Payload capacity was increased up to 1,614 lbs (732 kg). Expedition also gained a hydroformed fully boxed frame providing a 70 percent improvement in torsional stiffness.
Along with the high towing capability came all-new steering, braking and electronic systems to help the Expedition better control and maneuver long heavy trailers. Adaptive variable assist power rack-and-pinion steering was introduced along with the largest brake rotors in the segment at that time (13 inches up front, 13.5 inches in back) with brake calipers 100 percent stiffer than the previous generation Expedition. The 4-speed 4R70W automatic transmission received all-new control software to allow the transmission to automatically adjust to the demands of towing, using new computer logic that recognizes changes in load and road conditions.
2 High mode was reintroduced on the available ControlTrac 4-wheel-drive system with Auto, 4 High (lock) and 4 Low (lock) modes. The transfer case use in the first generation was replaced by an updated unit (BorgWarner model: 4416). A new dedicated microprocessoralong with new control software were added allowing the system to detect different terrain and surface conditions to predict traction loss before it happened.
The V8 engines offered on the previous generation were carried over, but not without major changes and improvements. Both the 4.6 and 5.4 liter Triton V8 engines received further refinements in design and overall efficiency. Expedition qualified as an Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV) and was certified under the Environmental Protection Agency Tier 2 regulations one year earlier than required. The 4.6 liter engine received an all-new redesigned cast aluminium engine block optimized for weight reduction and NVHimprovements. The 5.4 liter engine received an all-new redesigned cast iron engine block with computer designed ribbing and bracing, along with thicker side skirts and reinforcement at the oil pan flange. The new engine block helped reduce engine vibration and unwanted noise while providing refined performance.
Both engines featured piston skirts coated with a teflon based friction reducing material, and fitted with low tension, low oil consumption rings. In addition, a new fail-safe cooling mode provided protection even in the case of a catastrophic coolant loss (such as a punctured radiator). In the event of coolant loss, the engine control unit shuts off fuel to alternate cylinders to reduce the risk of engine damage from overheating. The valves continue to operate, in order to pump cooling air through the cylinders. The cooling system was designed to maintain an ideal engine temperature even when subjected to a prolonged 15 percent gradient in 46°C (115°F) weather. A returnless fuel supply system helped to reduce evaporative emissions by providing consistent pressure to the fuel injectors through a high-pressure pump.
New active hydraulic engine mounts were introduced to prevent the powertrain from inducing vibrations into the chassis. By optimizing these engine mounts the engine block can act as a mass damper, absorbing chassis resonance, improving ride comfort.
Expedition’s passenger cabin was better sealed than before, in an effort to eliminate intrusive outside noise from reaching the occupants. Wind, powertrain, road and vehicle body noise was reduced by improving interior acoustics through new damping materials, a total of 10 shear-style isolating body mounts, heavier sealing of body and panels, redesigned rubber door seals, and extensive use of interior structural acoustic foam in the upper B-pillars, upper and lower D-pillars and floor pan. Road noise was reduced by 2 decibels, body air leakage reduced by 56 percent, chances for sealant noise disturbances reduced from 15 percent to less than 0.5 percent and wind noise measured at 80 mph was reduced from 35 sones to a world class level of 29 sones.
The Expedition also received a thorough exterior and interior cosmetic redesign. Expedition featured an all-new front fascia, grille work, headlamps, body trim, rear fascia, tail lamps and liftgate. Interior fit & finish were improved with an all-new interior featuring new dash, door panels, genuine aluminium trim, and plush carpeting. Premium perforated leather seating surfaces were standard on Expedition Eddie Bauer (optional on Expedition XLT). Expedition FX4 models featured all of Expedition's optional off road equipment as standard equipment. Expedition’s drag coefficient was 0.41 Cd.
Three row seating was standard with all-new manual fold-flat stow away third row seats. No longer did owners have to remove the third rows seats for more storage. The third row could simply "disappear" into the floor. Power assisted PowerFold fold-flat third row seating was available as an optional extra. Available features included in-dash CD-ROM based navigation system, DVD based rear entertainment system, ultrasonic rear park assist/back up sensors, power moon roof, power adjustable accelerator and brake pedals (introduced on the first generation Expedition), Gentex auto dimming electrochromatic rear view mirror, rearward-facing lane departure/turning indicator lamps on side view mirrors, second row captains chair luxury seating, premium Audiophile sound system with in-dash 6-disc CD changer and rear subwoofer and 4-wheel independent adaptive electronically controlled pneumaticsuspension system.
|MY2003–2004||4.6 Liter (281 cu in) SOHC 16-valve Triton V8 gasoline||232 hp (173 kW)||291 (lb-ft)|
|MY2003–2004||5.4 Liter (330 cu in) SOHC 16-valve Triton V8 gasoline||260 hp (194 kW)||365 (lb-ft)|
|MY2005–2006||5.4 Liter (330 cu in) SOHC 24-valve VVT Triton V8 gasoline||300 hp (223 kW)||365 (lb-ft)|
|MY2003–2004||4-speed 4R70W automatic|
|MY2005–2006||4-speed 4R75E automatic|
Like the generation before, a 2-air bag supplementary restraint system (SRS) with 2-way occupant protection was standard on Expedition. Adaptive dual front air bags for front seat occupants now included the Personal Safety System (PSS). PSS would tailor air bag deployment for driver and first passenger and included occupant classification, seat position, crash severity, safety belt pretensioner, load limiting retractor and safety belt buckle usage sensors.
An optional 4-air bag supplementary restraint system (SRS) with 6-way occupant protection was also available. This new protection system included the new SafetyCanopy head, upper torso and rollover protection side curtain air bags which would deploy along the A, B and C-pillars down to the vehicle’s belt line. SafetyCanopy could remain inflated after deployment for extended protection. SafetyCanopy replaced the front seat side impact air bags featured on the first generation Expedition.
Other features included side intrusion door beams, security approach lamps, SecuriLock with smart key and engine immobilizer, BeltMinder, three-point safety belts for all rows of seating, post crash fuel pump shut-off, tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) and 4-wheel ABS with electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD) and emergency brake assist (EBA). AdvanceTrac was introduced as an optional extra and included both electronic traction control and electronic stability control (ESC). The electronic traction & stability mitigation system would expand to include roll stability control (RSC) for the 2005 model year.
Oddly, before the 2003 model year ended Ford updated the running boards on Expeditions equipped with the Eddie Bauer trim. Earlier in the model year, Eddie Bauer models had received standard black running boards. Toward the end of the model year, Arizona beige running boards were introduced to complement the Arizona beige body work which came standard on Eddie Bauer. Body colored running boards had previously been offered on the first generation Expedition from 2000 to 2002.
No major cosmetic or mechanical changes. The Expedition Eddie Bauer Premier model is reintroduced after being absent from the 2003 model trim line-up. Monochromatic paint work with blacked-out headlamps and special alloy wheels were standard on Eddie Bauer Premier versions. A new Expedition XLT Sport model is added with Dark Shadow grey exterior body trim. The FX4 trim level was renamed NBX.
Expedition received new roof rails which replaced the traditional sliding cross-bar roof racks. A new high end Limited trim level replaced the Eddie Bauer Premier model (though the regular Eddie Bauer was still available) and featured chrome accented roof rails, chrome-clad aluminium wheels, PowerFold power assisted stowable side view mirrors and chrome tipped exhaust. A upper high end King Ranch trim level with Castano leather seating was also introduced. The base 4.6 liter Triton V8 engine was dropped for the 2005 model year as the 5.4 liter Triton V8 was made standard on all Expeditions and updated with 24-valve technology and variable valve timing. Along with the 2005 model V8 engine update, the Expedition also received a significantly updated version of the 4-speed 4R70W automatic transmission.
The new 4-speed automatic transmission, now called 4R75E featured fully electronic Smart Shift technology. A turbine speed sensor improved transmission control and provided the basis for the fully electronic shift scheduling. The transmission's microprocessor speeds were improved for better responsiveness and precision of the control system. The transmission was continuously learning, and would calculate the torque in the next gear and schedule shift points based on the Expedition’s projected performance in the next gear. For 2005 model Expeditions the 4R75E transmission is designated by the letter "B" on the manufacturers safety compliance certification label, located in the driver’s side door jamb. For 2006 model Expeditions, the 4R75E transmission is designated by the letter "Q".
No major cosmetic or mechanical changes. Last year model for the U222. The Gentex auto dimming rear view mirrors were updated. Two new exterior colors were added later on within the model year. They were Pewter metallic and Dark Copper metallic. Medium Flint grey interior was also added to Limited models later on within the model year. Chrome tipped exhaust was made standard on King Ranch models. 2006 would be the last year model for the NBX trim. The ultrasonic rear park assist and SafetyCanopy side curtain airbags were offered as standalone options.
On April 12, 2006, three second generation Ford Expedition Eddie Bauer full-size sport utility vehicles successfully and autonomously completed a grueling 32 day off road overlandexpedition. The heavy-duty 4×4s journeyed nearly 30,000 kilometres across North Asia, the arctic tundra and at times, uncharted territory. The expedition team was made up of six members (two in each vehicle) which included the expedition leaders: Alexey Mikhailov and Alexander Borodin; technical director: Andrey Rodionov and professional off road drivers: Sergey Goryachev, Victor Parshikov and Alexey Simakin. The expeditionary trip was exactly 28,000 kilometres or about 17,398 miles round trip (there and back collectively). The planned route resulted in the SUVs primarily traveling on permafrost and herded the Ford Expeditions across the Arctic Circle twice. The expeditionary team visited landmarks such as the spot where American aviator Carl Ben Eielson was lost, and the birthplace of Russian explorer Semyon Dezhnev. The northern most point on the route was latitude 69°42′ North (Pevek). The eastern most point visited was longitude 169°40’ West (Cape Dezhnev). The Ford Expeditions endured unforgiving terrain, constant frigid temperatures down to -36°C (-32°F), whiteoutsand a violent polar cyclone that engulfed the expeditionary team toward the end of the expedition, resulting in the team stopping the vehicles. They remained inside the SUVs for protection during the storm’s nighttime onslaught as temperatures dropped and winds wailed against the vehicle windows. 200 kilograms (440 pounds) of snow were removed from each of the Ford Expeditions after the tail end of the storm swept across them again the following day.
The Ford Expeditions were off-the-shelf production versions equipped with the ControlTrac 4-wheel-drive system. Two of the SUVs were charged with towing dual axle utility trailers during the journey. The SUVs were lightly modified with front end guards along with front and rear utility bumpers, winches, safari roof racks, high-powered off road lights and extra belly plating for the engines. Because the trip would venture far from civilization, the vehicles were also equipped with gas stoves and high capacity auxiliary fuel tanks (mounted in the rear cargo bay) for when petrol/gas stations became nonexistent. The SUVs still retained their factory stock engines, transmissions, four-wheel-drive systems, suspensions, even their factory 17x7 alloy 5-spoke wheels. Two of the Ford Expeditions were equipped with caterpillar track systems supplied by Mattracks. The rubber track systems were used when off road conditions became too demanding for conventional tread tires. Whether directly or non directly related, the rear stabilizer bar failed on the two Expeditions fitted with the Mattracks system. The problem was ruled most likely to be a combination of both overloading and extreme off road conditions. While the issue was fixed and the SUVs continued on with the expedition, theMattracks however, continued to be problematic. The 5.4 liter Triton V8 engines were sometimes forced to run on poor-quality petrol/gas from unknown sources when high-quality fuel could not be found.
The 2007 model year saw the introduction of a new third generation Expedition developed under the U324 program code name which was a heavily updated version of the second generation Expedition. Most of the improvements made to the new Expedition were mechanical in nature, though the SUV also received a sheet metal refresh, redesigned interior with upgraded materials and further fit & finish refinements. A new long wheelbase Expedition EL/Max was developed under the U354 program and was introduced as a replacement for the discontinued Ford Excursion.
Expedition’s front end now featured Ford’s signature three-bar grille to complement the SUV's truck DNA relation to the F-150 and Super Duty pickups. New complex stepped style multifaceted headlamps, side view mirrors with updated LED lane departure/side turning indicator lamps, sleeker body work and redesigned tail lamps were also added. The interior received a new dash with F-150-like center stack, center console, redesigned first row captains chair luxury seating, door panels and interior trim. The column shifter was replaced by a floor shifter on the center console.
To further reduce outside noise intrusion for quieter, more isolated ride comfort, new SoundScreen laminated acoustic and solar tinted windshields/windscreens were added with thicker laminated side window glass.
Expedition gained a modified version of the half-ton P2 platform from the F-150, designated the T1 platform. This new platform provides 10 percent more torsional rigidity than the previous generation, and incorporates 4-wheel independent suspension (introduced on the second generation) with a redesigned five-link rear suspension and new lower control arms. As in previous years a 4-wheel independent adaptive electronically controlled pneumatic suspension system is available.
Additionally, the Expedition is powered by the same 5.4 liter Triton V8 engine, rated at 300 hp (220 kW) and 365 lbf·ft (495 N·m) of torque from the previous generation. When properly equipped with the heavy-duty trailer tow package the SUV can tow up to 9,100 lbs (4,130 kg). Expedition is classed under the Tier 2, Bin 5 / ULEV 2 Ultra Low Emission Vehicle environmental classification.
Ford’s new 6-speed 6R75 automatic transmission with dual overdrive gears was introduced. The transmission featured push-button overdrive lock-out, electronic shift scheduling, adaptive shift algorithms and a mechatronic transmission control module (TCM) that would save adaptive shift data in keep alive memory (KAM). This safeguarded against complete data loss in case of a power failure (such as disconnecting the battery). In the event of a power failure, the mechatronic unit would simply read the last saved data entry from the system’s memory, thus, the transmission did not have to completely relearn the owner’s driving style.
Off road geometry figures for approach, departure and ramp breakover angles are 22°, 21° and 18° respectively. Minimum running ground clearance is 8.7 inches.
Selectable part-time/full-time ControlTrac 4-wheel-drive remains available with four modes; 2 High, Auto, 4 High (lock) and 4 Low (lock) as well as the electronically controlled infinitely variable locking center differential (multi-plate clutch system), multi-terrain 4-wheel electronic traction control and available off road under body protection. The system received an updated transfer case unit (BorgWarner model: 4417) and a new default off road program with throttle response recalibration, which is automatically activated when 4 Low mode is selected. Expedition can achieve an off road crawl ratio of 41.06:1 with a low range ratio of 2.64:1 and rear axle ratio of 3.73:1.
The new SUV was unveiled at the Houston Auto Show rather than at Detroit, Los Angeles, or New York where most new models are, as 20 percent of all Expedition sales are in Texas. The third generation Expedition went on sale in August 2006. The first 2007 Expedition to roll off a Ford assembly line was donated by Ford to the Peter family of Jamaica, Queens, New York as part of an episode of the ABC series Extreme Makeover: Home Edition that aired May 7, 2006.
|MY2007–2008||5.4 Liter (330 cu in) SOHC 24-valve VVT Triton V8 gasoline||300 hp (223 kW)||365 (lb-ft)|
|MY2009–present||5.4 Liter (330 cu in) SOHC 24-valve VVT Triton V8 gasoline/E85 ethanol||310 hp (231 kW)||365 (lb-ft)|
|MY2007–2008||6-speed 6R75 mechatronic automatic|
|MY2009–present||6-speed 6R80 mechatronic automatic|
Available luxury features include: Premium Audiophile sound system with in dash six-disc CD changer, rear subwoofer, MP3 device and iPod connectivity, SIRIUS XM satellite radio,HomeLink wireless control system, tri zone automatic climate control for driver, first passenger and rear passengers, PowerFold power stow away side-view mirrors, PowerFold power fold flat third-row seating, Gentex auto-dimming rear view mirror, adaptive pneumatic suspension system, power adjustable pedals, ultrasonic park assist, perforated leather seating, climate-controlled heated and cooled front captain's chairs with 10-way power adjust and memory, second-row captain's chair luxury seating, DVD-based voice activated navigation system with liquid crystal touch display, power moon roof, slimline rear DVD-based entertainment system with flip down LCD screen, power-assisted liftgate and 20-inch chrome-clad aluminium six-spoke wheels with Pirelli Scorpion all-season tires. Some of these features are available on Expedition XLT; many of them are included on Expedition Eddie Bauer and ExpeditionLimited.
Upgraded premium perforated leather seating, wood and leather-wrapped steering wheel with audio, climate and cruise controls, interior ebony wood trim, stylized blacked-out stepped-style multifaceted headlamps and monochromatic paint finish with body-colored grille and chrome accenting are standard on the high end Expedition Limited.
Safety and security features continue to build from the first and second generations.
A 6-air bag supplementary restraint system (SRS) with 10-way occupant protection is standard on Expedition. The system consists of adaptive dual front air bags with Personal Safety System (PSS) and SafetyCanopy head and rollover protection side curtain air bags. The SafetyCanopy air bag system was redesigned to include third row seating and features multi-chamber inflation, roll-fold technology and extended inflation after deployment. SafetyCanopy will deploy along the A, B, C and D-pillars down to the vehicle’s belt line. New dual front seat side impact air bags for dedicated upper torso protection were reintroduced, similar to the ones used on the first generation Expedition. The seat side air bags are denoted by a small identification tag reading "Air bag" stitched onto the outboard front seat bolsters.
Other safety features include side intrusion door beams, security approach lamps, SecuriLock with smart key and engine immobilizer, BeltMinder, three-point safety belts for all rows of seating, post crash fuel pump shut-off, tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS), AdvanceTrac with roll stability control (RSC), and 4-wheel ABS with electronic brakeforce distribution(EBD) and emergency brake assist (EBA). 911 Assist, perimeter alarm and SOS Post-Crash Alert features were added for 2009-onward models.
SOS Post-Crash Alert will activate the Expedition’s horn and continuously flash the hazard/caution lights as well as the lane departure/turning indicator lamps on the side view mirrors after a collision.
911 Assist system will be ready to assist in placing a call to a local 911 emergency operator in the event of air bag deployment. When a phone is properly paired, turned on and connected to SYNC (which happens every time the driver enters the vehicle with his/her cell phone), 911 Assist will provide a 10 second window to allow the driver or passenger to decide whether to cancel the call. If not manually cancelled within the 10 second window, 911 Assist will place the emergency call. A pre-recorded message will play when the call is answered, occupants in the Expedition will then be able to communicate directly with the 911 operator. Once the call is connected, 911 operators can respond to the situation exactly as they would with any 911 call. Emergency services can even determine the medical priority and dispatch the appropriate assistance based on the situation. If vehicle occupants are non-responsive, for example, the location of the vehicle can be determined through voice signal triangulation or by phones with a GPS location feature.
For the 2008 model year, power deployable/retractable running boards became available, along with a rear view backup camera system. The camera, which is mounted under the Expedition’s center liftgate appliqué, utilizes the Gentex auto dimming rear view mirror’s picture-in-mirror technology to display what it sees. Expedition King Ranch was also reintroduced after being absent from the 2007 model year trim line-up. Expedition XLT models now get body colored lower body work, replacing the previous black plastic trim.
In July 2008, Ford's Wayne, Michigan plant started production on the 2009 models until December 2008. In January 2009 production of the Expedition was relocated to the Kentucky Truck Assembly in Louisville along with its sister SUV, the Lincoln Navigator, and the Ford F-Series Super Duty. That plant used to build the Ford Excursion until 2005.
Expedition's 6-speed 6R75 automatic was replaced by an improved version, the 6-speed 6R80 automatic. 6R80 features more robust internals, new software logic and a tow/haul mode (replaces the overdrive lock-out) that utilizes new uphill/downhill gradient shift logic for improved performance while towing or hauling heavy loads. The 6-speed automatic can compensate for altitude, grade/slope and present load conditions. The system also reduces the transmission’s tendency to "hunt" for the right gear(s) and provides engine braking when descending hills. The front bench seating option has been discontinued for the 2009 model year, and the chrome "Expedition" name plate badges have been removed from the left and right front doors. The chrome "Expedition" name plate badge on the rear liftgate remains.
Additional features included the now standard FlexFuel capability, which can take gasoline, E85 (85% ethanol/15% gasoline), or any combination of the two, and the newly installed EasyFuel capless fuel-filler system. The 5.4 liter V8/FlexFuel feature also upgraded its torque power to 310 hp and 365 lb-ft. The 2009 model year also boosted its maximum towing capacity to 9200 lbs for the 4x2 version, and up to 9000 lbs for the 4×4 version.
The new entertainment features added to the 2009 model year included the optional Ford SYNC, and an all-new DVD-based voice-activated, multi-entertainment/navigational system with liquid crystal touch display. The rearview camera system is now integrated to show the video feed through the navigation screen instead for the rearview mirror, however, the rearview mirror is still used to show images on Expedition’s not equipped with the navigation system. The new navigation system features up to 10 gigabytes of storage space for more than 2400 songs, a jukebox function, a screened photo display, iPod/Zune capability for downloading and recharging, ripping CDs, and integrated compatibility for cellphones and Bluetooth; the newly compatible Sirius Travel Link, which allow drivers to access traffic, weather, sports, and local movie listings; and a "Route Guidance" mode for road and street information. The steering wheel also has a tilt feature and radio controls, including Ford SYNC buttons, allowing the driver to press the button and use voice commands to activate the system, which became standard on Eddie Bauer, Limited, and King Ranch. The tilt w/radio control feature was optional on the XLT during its Wayne plant built orders, but after production moved to Louisville it became standard. For accessory purposes, a HD radio can be installed upon request at a Ford dealership in the United States.
No major cosmetic or mechanical changes. For the 2010 model year optional packages have now been renamed (to Rapid Specificated Order Codes) and upgraded (100s for XLT, 200s for Eddie Bauer, 300s for Limited, 400s for King Ranch) for the newer models. It has also announced that the 2010 models will now feature Ford's MyKey and trailer sway control as a standard on all trims. The 2010 models were ranked 6th among the top 11 affordable large size SUVs in "US News & World Report. There was talk about making a diesel version of the Expedition for the 2010 model year, but never made it to the planning stage. Rain-sensing windshield wipers were added as an optional extra for Eddie Bauer but standard on the Limited and King Ranch versions.
No major cosmetic or mechanical changes. HD Radio will now become a standard on all trims, including the navigation system, along with a dual DVD system that is now placed at the headrest area. Another change that was made was in the entry-level trim department, with the Expedition now offered in the newly designated standard XL entry level with lower black cladding, while the XLT level trim was upgraded along with a new XLT Premium trim with gold cladding, replacing the Eddie Bauer level trim. Also, silver cladding will be featured as an exterior trim as part of a newly optional XLT Premium Sport Appearance Package. Both Limited and King Ranch levels remain the same.
No major cosmetic or mechanical changes. The second heated row seating option was added to XLT Premium and the front park assists became a standard feature on the Limited and King Ranch trims.
For 2007, an extended-wheelbase version of the Expedition called the Expedition EL (for "extended length") was introduced in the United States. In Canada and Mexico it is badged as a Expedition Max because of confusion with the Canada-sold Acura EL, which was replaced in 2005 by the Acura CSX (The Expedition Max name continues to be used in Canada). At first it was supposed to be called the Everest but Ford changed their minds at the last minute. However, Ford now uses the Everest name for its SUVs in Asia. As with the standard size Expedition, the EL/Max version continued to have the same features from the 2007 to 2011 model year, but for the 2012 model year it added a cargo organizer as an exclusive feature.
The EL/Max replaced the discontinued Excursion and is expected to compete more effectively with the Chevrolet Suburban/GMC Yukon XL. While both GM and Ford vehicles are similar in size (as both Suburban/Yukon XL 1500s and EL vehicles are packaged as half-tons), there is a difference in the pricing range, as the sale price for the EL model Expedition is lower than the sale price of the Suburban/Yukon XL's. Another difference is that while Chevrolet and GMC offer different engine sizes for their Suburban/Yukon XL models (5.3L, 6.0L and 6.2L), the EL/Max only comes with a 5.4L/V8 engine, just like its standard-size sibling and does not have a 3/4 ton version like the Suburban/Yukon XL has.
Outside North America, including the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam, the Expedition EL is also imported to and sold in the Middle East and the Philippines, where in the latter the EL version is the only type of Expedition that is imported and sold there. Ironically, the Philippines is also where Ford also sells the Everest SUV.
The Expedition EL is about 15.8 in (40 cm) longer than the standard Expedition for a total of approximately 222 in (18.5 feet or 563 cm), and has a 131 in (333 cm) wheelbase, producing 24 ft³ of additional cargo space over the standard 119 in (302 cm) wheelbase model. The EL/Max versions also carries the same updated (2007–present) features as noted above, save for the Eddie Bauer version (18" machine-aluminum wheels). And while they are larger in size, its maximum towing capacity is 8900 lbs on the 4x2 version and 8700 lbs on the 4×4 version, about 300 lbs short of the regular sized Expedition. They also received a 5-star rating from the NHTSA.The Expedition EL was also ranked 9th among the top 15 "Best Family Haulers", according to a June 2009 consumers favorite survey conducted by Edmunds.
Just like the standard sized Expedition, the Expedition EL originally came in 4 trim lines: XLT, Eddie Bauer, Limited and the King Ranch series during the 2007-2010 model year. After the 2011 model year was introduced, the trims expanded to 5, with the XLT and XLT Premium levels replacing the Eddie Bauer level and the newly designated standard XL entry level taking the XLT's place. The Expedition EL can be distinguished by its longer rear-quarter windows and the aft wheel well trim not cutting into the rear passenger doors.
The standard size Expedition are sold in the United States, Canada, Mexico, the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the CMNI, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam, thePhilippines, the Middle East, Central America, the Caribbean, South America (except Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela), Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia and South Korea), Africa(Algeria, Angola, Cape Verde, Egypt, Gabon, Ghana, Libya, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria and Senegal), and Europe (Armenia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgystan).
For the Expedition EL/Max, all five versions (XL, XLT/Eddie Bauer, XLT Platinum, Limited and King Ranch) are available in the United States. From the 2007 to 2010 model years, The EL/Max level trims were limited to only 3 versions for Canada and The Middle East, two for Mexico, and one for the Philippines. Canada's Expedition Max offered the Eddie Bauer, Limited and King Ranch trims, Mexico's Expedition Max in Limited and King Ranch trims, and the Middle East's EL level trims in XLT, Eddie Bauer and Limited. The Philippines' lone Expedition EL level trim was the Eddie Bauer model from 2007 to 2010. After the 2011 model year Ford made changes in the international exportation of the EL/Max trims. As a result of the changes, the Limited trim became the only version available in Canada and Mexico as Eddie Bauer (in Canada) and King Ranch trims (in both Canada and Mexico) were discontinued, while the Philippines and the Middle East replaced the Eddie Bauer with the XLT trim. The Middle East also started to get all of the 5 US level base trims, including the new XL trims that took the XLT's place and the King Ranch trim.
Selectable part-time/full-time Control Trac four wheel drive designed by BorgWarner is standard on all 4WD Expeditions. There are four modes: 2 High mode, Auto mode, 4 High mode and 4 Low mode. Each mode can be selected via a rotary control dial on the dash.
The Expedition's system uses a heavy-duty two-speed BorgWarner transfer case with a software-controlled infinitely-variable electromagnetic multi-plate clutch pack locking center differential. The 4×4 system does not use a conventional planetary or bevel geared center differential, which are typically found in traditional full-time 4WD systems where torque is permanently supplied to all four wheels, all the time.
Below is the operational behavior mode-by-mode for the current version of ControlTrac 4-wheel-drive used in the third generation (2007–present) Expedition.
Note that older versions still work in similar fashion, but will not be equipped with default off road program/throttle control recalibration and may not be equipped with AdvanceTrac.
|Selectable part-time/full-time ControlTrac 4-wheel-drive|
|2 High (2H)||Rear-wheel-drive||Torque is routed to the rear wheels only, with high range gearing. Imitates rear-wheel-drive and is more economical for on road driving.|
|Software does all the work. All 100 percent of the engine’s torque is sent rearward until traction loss is anticipated or detected. The infinitely variable center multi-plate clutch differential can redirect any percentage of supplied torque to the front drive wheels while still allowing the front and rear drive shafts to turn at different rotational speeds. If a complete mismanagement of the engine’s power is detected at the rear wheels due to traction loss, all 100 percent of the engine’s torque can be sent forward until the rear drive wheels regain traction. High range gearing is used. For use in all-weather on road (dry, wet or slippery pavement) conditions or light off road conditions.|
|4 High (4H)||4-wheel-drive
|Infinitely variable center multi-plate clutch differential is locked providing a continuous fixed 50/50 torque distribution. The front and rear drive shafts are mechanically locked together forcing them to turn together with absolute zero rotational speed difference. Front drive wheels pull at the same rate the rear drive wheels push, working in concert to move the vehicle. High range gearing is used. Not for use on pavement, only for off road conditions. If 4 High mode is used on pavement, torque windup and drivetrain binding can occur resulting in catastrophic driveline failure.|
|4 Low (4L)||4-wheel-drive
|Similar to 4 High mode in operation, the fixed 50/50 torque distribution is maintained; however, low range off road reduction gearing is engaged. Power is sent through another set of gears. The electronic throttle control is recalibrated via a default off road program. Throttle response is attuned for more precise torque management in off road conditions. AdvanceTrac is partially shutdown, electronic stability control (ESC) and roll stability control (RSC) safety systems are disabled so they do not interfere while the SUV is off road. 4-wheel electronic traction control will continue to function as normal. Not for use on pavement, only for off road conditions. If 4 Low mode is used on pavement, torque windup and drivetrain binding can occur resulting in catastrophic driveline failure.|
4WD Expeditions come with standard dual front-frame-mounted closed-loop recovery hooks and available off-road under-body protection. Steel plates are placed over vital areas with a composite shield for the fuel tank. Expedition 4×4s are tested along side the F-150 and Super Duty trucks at Ford’s California and Arizona proving grounds. Expedition is put through the same durability tests and evaluations to meet the same durability standards as its pickup truck brethren.
Ford Expeditions, whether they are rear-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive come from the factory with standard open type differentials with a choice of axle ratios. They are non limited-slip and non locking. Traction assist systems, both mechanical and electronic, were offered as options if needed. Only until recently has traction assist become standard on all Expeditions.
Mechanical traction assist (1997–2006)
First and second generation Ford Expeditions were offered with an optional heavy-duty rear limited-slip differential (LSD) with a choice of axle ratios. A clutch pack inside the rear limited-slip differential would engage to transfer torque between the axle shafts to whichever rear drive wheel had better traction. The front differential on four-wheel-drive models was still an open type differential with no way to control wayward torque flow caused by traction loss. This problem was remedied with the arrival of AdvanceTrac for the 2003 model year. 2006 was the last model year for the optional rear LSD.
Electronic traction assist (2003–present)
Second and third generation Ford Expeditions were offered with AdvanceTrac, Ford’s electronic traction & stability mitigation system. Introduced as an optional extra on the second generation Expedition, AdvanceTrac was made standard equipment on all third generation Expeditions. 4-wheel electronic traction control is included as part of the AdvanceTrac system for four-wheel-drive Expeditions. Rear-wheel-drive Expeditions only receive 2-wheel electronic traction control. The traction control system is programmed for on road and off road use with multi-terrain capability. 4-wheel electronic traction control initiates an ABS brake apply and release cycle on any drive wheel which has lost traction. The ABS brakes clamp down on the slipping (spinning) drive wheel(s) and then release all in fractions of a second, causing the drive wheel(s) to slow down. Simultaneously, the repeated braking also causes resistance forcing the differential to transfer more torque to the opposing drive wheel with better traction. The four-wheel enabled system can accomplish the off road performance of having front and rear limited-slip or locking differentials with none of the shortcomings. Using the ABS brakes rather than mechanical limited-slip or locking devices inside the axle differentials gives quicker response, more seamless performance and enhanced durability. Guarding all four wheels for traction loss, if needed, the system can transfer up to 50 percent of the supplied torque to any wheel which still has sufficient traction. In the right situations, a four-wheel-drive Expedition can keep moving, even if only one wheel has traction, no matter which wheel it is.
When first introduced in 1996, the Expedition competed directly with both the Chevrolet Tahoe and GMC Yukon in the full-size half-ton SUV towing segment. New competitors to the towing segment emerged soon thereafter which include the Dodge Durango (which was discontinued in 2009, but reintroduced in 2011), Nissan Armada and Toyota Sequoia. Product research conducted by Ford indicated that 92 percent of Expedition owners use the SUV for vacations. Some 60 percent use it to transport outdoor sports equipment, while 40 percent of Expedition owners use the vehicle for towing.
The new half-ton Expedition EL/Max competes with the half-ton Chevrolet Suburban 1500 and GMC Yukon XL 1500 in the towing segment.
Over the years the Expedition’s towing capacity has grown from 8,100 lbs to a current rating of 9,200 lbs (when properly equipped). The list of towing features is also ever growing. Towing features common to all generations of the Expedition include: smallest possible turning radius for increased trailer maneuverability, large side view mirrors to improve rearward visibility, side view mirror rearward-facing lane departure/turning indicator lamps, which are helpful to other motorist when the Expedition is towing a long trailer providing added visual safety, heavy-duty flashers, heavy-duty large robust disc brakes to withstand prolonged braking while towing and an available heavy-duty trailer tow package which includes necessary additions for heavy-duty towing.
Expeditions equipped with the heavy-duty trailer tow package are prepped and readied for towing at the factory. The package includes a heavy-duty V-5 rated Class IV trailer hitch withweight distribution capability, heavy-duty radiator, heavy-duty auxiliary transmission fluid cooler, hitch mounted 4 and 7-pin trailer electrics connector and factory prewiring for an electronic trailer brake controller module. The brake controller wiring harness is located under the dash on the driver’s side for easy installment of the brake controller module.
Expeditions are also offered with an adaptive electronically controlled pneumatic suspension system with self leveling, payload leveling and trailer load leveling capability. The pneumatic suspension can automatically detect when a heavy trailer is coupled, such as a travel trailer, and level the load. Additional sensors placed on the left and right sides of the SUV also monitor and compensate for any listing caused by improper cargo loading. This keeps the Expedition running straight and level while towing, and at night helps to keep the Expedition’s headlamps from blinding oncoming traffic.
As of the 2010 model year, the Expedition received trailer sway control (TSC) as standard equipment. TSC builds off of the AdvanceTrac traction & stability control system to detect trailer oscillations and corrects it via asymmetrical breaking and reducing engine power until the Expedition and its trailer are both back under control.
To compete with large police SUVs that are sold by other automobile companies, primarily the Chevrolet Suburban, Ford has made a special version of the Expedition that's only available to law enforcement agencies, fire departments, and EMS agencies. Ford calls it theExpedition Special Service Vehicle (SSV). The only differences between the standard Expedition and the Special Service Vehicle Expedition are provisions for emergency services related equipment such as radios, lightbars and sirens. There are also options designated fleet only such as custom two-tone paint arrangements that are available to the Expedition Special Service Vehicle.
A special limited edition Ford Expedition with Funkmaster Flex "FMF" trim and logos was offered for the 2008 model year only. This limited production model is based on the Limited trim level regular length Expedition and featured special Solid black and bright Colorado red two-tone paint work. Only 650 were produced and each are individually numbered on the center console.
|Calendar Year||Total American sales|
|Ford Expedition III U324|
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|Ford Expedition II U222|
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|Ford Expedition I UN93|
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|2007 Ford Expedition|
|700 x 469 ... 56 KB|