Ford Cargo1981 - ...
The Ford Cargo is a forward control (cab-over-engine) truck model manufactured by Ford. Originally launched in 1981 by Ford of the United Kingdom, it is now built in Brazil and Turkey with the latest generation of the Cargo launched in 2012. With Ford's sale of its commercial vehicle division to Iveco in 1986, the Cargo was sold in Europe under the Iveco Ford name until 1993, when the Cargo was updated and became the Iveco Eurocargo.
The Cargo was styled by Patrick Le Quément who included windows which extended down to floor level in the doors to enable drivers to see pathways in urban locations more easily when parking. The Cargo cab was very successful and was commonly seen in US Postal Service duty, and as a city tractor for freight companies such as Roadway Express.
It was originally only built in Ford's Langley (Slough) plant, from which about a third of the production was exported to continental Europe. Cargos were also exported to Turkey and to Australia, while panels were supplied to Brazil for local assembly (these Brazilian trucks were also exported to the United States). Production has expanded since: the model is still made by Brazilian, Argentinian and Venezuelan (also known as the Ford Trader) Ford subsidiaries, Turkey's Ford Otosan, and India's Ashok Leyland (as the eComet and as the Stallion). It is also made by Freightliner Trucks and sold as the Sterling Cargo or the Freightliner Cargo in the United States.
Ford then sold the Ford LCF as a smaller cab-over alternative in the US to be more competitive with similar trucks, such as the Mitsubishi Fuso Canter and Isuzu Elf (N Series), but with poor sales.
With the demise of the Ford Transcontinental heavy truck range, British Ford introduced a range of heavyweight Cargo tractor units ranging from 28- to 38-tonnes gcw. The 38-tonnes were powered by the Cummins L10 while those at 28- and 32-tonnes had Perkins, Cummins, or air-cooled Deutz diesels.
In 1986, Ford sold its European truck operations to the Italian Iveco group and subsequent vehicles have been badged Iveco Ford. After the recession in the 1990s, Iveco rationalised its production operations, overlooked by Keith Stanley Jones (Production Engineering Manager). Its Langley plant closed in October 1997, bringing British Iveco/Ford truck production to an end.
The original lightweight Cargo was replaced in 1993 by the Iveco Eurocargo range, covering the 7.5-ton to 18-ton GVW range.
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